Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Spadger

School holidays mean babysitting, and then thanks to Bertha no birding when I was marooned indoors for a couple of days. In between I managed to catch a number of still very juvenile Goldfinches, two Chaffinches, a Collared Dove and even a couple of Spadgers, House Sparrows, a species which normally does a rapid disappearing act when a net is in sight. 

Collared Dove

 Chaffinch - juvenile male

Chaffinch - juvenile female

juvenile Goldfinch

I’ve seen lots of House Sparrows this summer, more than for many years. I’m wondering if anyone else has noticed the same? I’m certain that the many sunny days, lack of rain and generally settled weather of June and July has meant that following a series of disastrous years our old friend the spadger has enjoyed a good breeding season at last. 

House Sparrow - juvenile

Spadger is one of many dialect names for our House Sparrow, terms which also include sparr, sparrer, spadger, spadgick, spug and spuggy, mainly in northern England or spur and sprig, mainly in Scotland. I’ll bet there are others I’ve not mentioned, particularly in other parts of the world and if so I’m certain blog readers will let me know. 

House Sparrows have lived alongside humans since the Stone Age, and although I’m not quite of that period older readers like me will remember how the House Sparrow was once a hugely successful species. It was a bird so prosperous that its numbers and prevalence often characterised it as a pest, especially to the farming community who’s ripening corn crops became a major object of attention to hordes of House Sparrows. 

From Wiki - The House Sparrow has also often been kept as a pet as well as being a food item and a symbol of lust and sexual potency, as well as of commonness and vulgarity. From around 1560 to at least the nineteenth century in northern Europe, earthenware "sparrow pots" were hung from eaves to attract nesting birds so that the young could be readily harvested. Wild birds were trapped in nets in large numbers, and sparrow pie was a traditional dish and because of the association of sparrows with lechery, to have aphrodisiac properties. In the early part of the twentieth century, “sparrow clubs” culled many millions of birds and eggs in an attempt to control numbers of this perceived pest, but with only a localised impact on numbers. 

In the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s House Sparrows were rather taken for granted by birdwatchers and other guardians of the countryside - a commonplace bird that could be safely left to its own devices. I remember how in the 1980s the British Trust for Ornithology advised bird ringers that ringing House Sparrows in large numbers was not necessary and probably a waste of resources, so ringers like me simply released House Sparrows as a by-product of a catch without ringing or recording any data on them. 

 House Sparrow

Then in in the late 1990s there was a sudden realisation that the House Sparrow had lost 70% of its population in just 20 to 30 years. The population fell from about 13 million pairs in the whole of the UK in the 1970s to nearer 5.5 million pairs in 2008. Even now no one is entirely sure why that happened as it did and why their numbers remain stuck below 6 million pairs, but the culprits named in similar bird declines are mentioned, plus a few new ones linked to the often urbanised existence of the House Sparrow. 

It is thought that in contrast to when House Sparrows nested in the thatched roofs of old or the leaky, draughty old buildings of the early twentieth century, our modern buildings have fewer holes and crevices where the birds can nest. The current fashion for the tidy hedges of farm and garden may be a factor too as House Sparrows nest not just in buildings but in dense and unkempt hedgerows. 

Domesticated cats take their toll of birds of many species, the House Sparrow on the lawn being a regular target for a well fed moggy. Other research mentions that relatively recent addition to garden birds the Collared Dove as a possible cause of the House Sparrow’s decline because the dove competes for and often wins a bigger share of the same food types on offer; seeing how Collared Doves spend so much time in my own garden I can see why that could be true. 

Many House Sparrows live in close proximity to vehicle exhaust emissions of Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), a chemical in unleaded petrol which is thought to be affecting the abundance of insects that House Sparrows feed to their young. There’s also the now familiar reason implicated in the decline of many bird species, the fact that autumn sown cereal crops leave little stubble for finches, buntings and sparrows to forage in or spilt grain to eat. 

I’m rather hoping that our local House Sparrows can repeat this year’s breeding success because the garden wouldn’t be the same without the chirping of a gang of cheeky and characterful House Sparrows. 

And when you see them close-up they are actually rather handsome birds aren’t they? 

House Sparrow
 
With a better forecast it's back to birding tomorrow on Another Bird Blog.

Linking today to Anni's blog.

14 comments:

Chris Rohrer said...

So glad you appreciate this bird. It is taken for granted here in the US. It is very common around my feeders and often overlooked by many birders as a "junk bird" The stories that have been told across the sea from birders like you remind me never to take a common bird for granted. On a day to day basis, I may have around 20 to 30 House Sparrows! All my best. Chris

David Gascoigne said...

House Sparrows (and Starlings too) are often referred to here as "aliens." Personally I rather like them, Phil, and they are a very welcome addition to my backyard. They do, however, out-compete many native species for nesting cavities.
Bluebird devotees hate them with a passion and since they are non-native birds, not subject to legal protection, kill them whenever they are found usurping Bluebirds from their nest boxes. The euphemistic term for the usual method of dispatch is "cervical dislocation."

eileeninmd said...

Great post, Phil! My yard seems to be overrun with House Sparrows this summer..Wonderful photos of your juvies, I love the Goldfinch! Happy Birding!

Russell Jenkins said...

Superb pictures and great article, Phil. I remember reading about the similar fate of sparrows in Japan where numbers have also plummeted and newer housing designs being blamed. We always take common sights for granted until we realise we haven't seen it around in a while. Pretty good post considering you can't do any birding.

Susan (ABON) said...

Interesting information and great photo of the house sparrow. Thank you for sharing.

Germán Ibarra Zorrilla said...

Aquí también al cuidado de los niños con las vacaciones escolares. Muy interesante el artículo sobre el "Gorrión común", me ha gustado mucho. Saludos desde España, amigo Phil.

Ana Mínguez Corella said...

.. Very nice images of these beloved birds ... Greetings

Mary Cromer said...

Spadger, what an interesting name for the House Sparrow. We don't ever have them in this rural area, and yet I can drive 3 miles closer to town and you begin t see them. At my father-in-laws in the big city, abut 25 miles away, they are everywhere, the most common bird seen there. Your photographs are excellent of these dear faces. I don't usually even take their pics much, as they are so common here, it would feel redundant...thinking maybe not. Have a great day~

Santi said...

Thank you for information about dialect names of sparrows in England.It is very useful. I would like to know if there is some publication about that. Someone could write an interesting book about that, in English or even in Spanish about "gorriones".Here in Salamanca they are called "pardales".

Marie said...

I have many of these birds in my yard too, just as Chris mentions (we live in the same city) and when I looked it up the book said it was a common species and largely overlooked by birders, just as he said. learning so much new information about it from you today I have a very firm sense of appreciation now for this bird! I mean, baby sparrow pie--that's horrible!!!! What people won't do, when they think something's an aphrodisiac! But, the other reasons for the bird's decline made much more sense, and I regret that it is having such a hard time in places other than the US. Thank you so much for all this info. Loved the photos of him, and also of the collared dove!

Ela said...

Beautiful photos of these gorgeous birds ! And beautiful portraits of the sparrow !

Ela said...

Beautiful photos of these gorgeous birds ! And beautiful portraits of the sparrow !

Gunilla Bäck said...

Fabulous close ups of the lovely birds. I like the sparrows. On a cold winter's day the mallards and the sparrows might be the only birds I see.

Anni said...

Once again, outstanding read!! And the photos you've shared that accompany your narration are fabulous. Love the 'teens'!!!

Thanks for sharing your link this weekend at the Bird D'Pot.

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